(中国) 市場検査規格 (PS Farm調べ)

この情報はメールマガジンで配信させていただいたものです。尚、2020年7月に中国管理当局から131品目に対する市場検査基準(規格)が発表されていますのでそちらも参考にしてください。

 

中国市場検査の検査基準

市場検査で適用されている検査基準を洗い出してみました。市場検査対応の参考情報としていただければと思います。
中国品質新聞ネットの情報をまとめたものです。

今回の情報は、下記範囲でまとめたものです。
・期間:2018年6月頃~2019年5月頃まで検査結果が公表されたもの(実際の検査日とは異なります)。
・検査レベル:国家レベル(全国レベル)(地方レベルの検査数のほうが多いですが今回は全国レベルだけの範囲です。)
・対象製品類:工業製品(医療機器は除外。)
すべての内容をご紹介するのは、難しいので各分野で代表的な製品についてのご紹介となります。

ご注意:① 検査規格は、中国品質新聞ネットで公表されているものだけです。実際の検査では、製品品質法などの要求に対しても確認されている可能性があります。
② 検査規格の全項目を検査されていることは稀です。大半は一部の項目だけの検査です。
③ 今回のまとめには含んでおりませんが、インターネット上での販売製品を対象とした検査が集中的に行われている時期があります(主に家電製品類)。
④ 検査対象製品は、販売されている商品です。CCCなどの認証取得している製品も検査されています。

[弊社では、国内外の試験所を使いGB規格等への適合確認サービスをご提供しております。市場検査基準への適合確認・認証申請前の事前確認などにご利用ください。]

市場検査で使われている検査規格まとめ

1.機電製品類
フライス盤
・GB 15760 Metal-cutting machine tools–General safeguarding specification
・GB 5226.1 Electrical safety of machinery – Electrical equipment of machines – Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60204-1)
・GB /T 9061 General specifications for metal-cutting machine tools

アーク溶接機
・GB /T 15579.1 Arc welding equipment – Part 1: Welding power sources (IEC 60974-1)

横編機
・GB 5226.1 Electrical safety of machinery – Electrical equipment of machines – Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60204-1)
・FZ /T 97020 电脑针织横机

2.家電製品
自動炊飯器
・GB 4706.1 Household and similar electrical appliances-Safety Part 1:General requirements (IEC 60335-1)
・GB 4706.19 Household and similar electrical appliances – Safety – Particular requirements for heating liquids (IEC 60335-2-15)
・GB 12021.6 Minimum allowable values of energy efficiency and energy efficiency grades for electric rice cookers
・GB 4343.1 Electromagnetic compatibility requirements for household appliances,electric tools and similar apparatus—Part 1: Emission (CISPR 14-1)

電磁調理器
・GB 4706.1 Household and similar electrical appliances-Safety Part 1:General requirements (IEC 60335-1)
・GB 4706.29 Household and similar electrical appliances-safety – Particular requirements for portable induction cooker
・GB 4706.14 Household and similar electrical appliances – Safety – Particular requirements for grills, toasters and similar portable cooking appliances (IEC 60335-2-9)
・GB 21456 Minimum allowable values of the energy efficiency and energy efficiency grades for household induction cookers
・GB 4824 Industrial, scientific and medical equipment—Radio-frequency disturbance characteristics-Limits and methods of measurement (IEC/CISPR 11)

冷蔵庫
・GB 4706.1 Household and similar electrical appliances-Safety Part 1:General requirements (IEC 60335-1)
・GB 4706.13 Household and similar electrical appliances―Safety―Particular requirements for refrigerating appliances, ice-cream appliances and ice-makers (IEC 60335-2-24)
・GB/T 8059 Household and similar refrigerating appliances (IEC 62552)
・GB 12021.2 The maximum allowable values of the energy consumption and energy efficiency grade for household refrigerators
・GB 19606 Noise limit value for household and similarelectrical appliances
・GB 4343.1 Electromagnetic compatibility requirements for household appliances,electric tools and similar apparatus—Part 1: Emission (CISPR 14-1)

電気洗濯機
・GB/T 4288 Household and similar electrical washing machine
GB4706.1 Household and similar electrical appliances-Safety Part 1:General requirements (IEC 60335-1)
・GB 4706.24 Household and similar electrical appliances – Safety – Particular requirements for washing machines (IEC 60335-2-7)
・GB 4706.26 Household and similar electrical appliances – Safety – Particular requirements for spin extractors (IEC 60335-2-4)
・GB 12021.4 The maximum allowable values of the energy,water consumption and grades for household electric washing machines
・GB 19606 Noise limit value for household and similarelectrical appliances
・GB 4343.1 Electromagnetic compatibility requirements for household appliances,electric tools and similar apparatus—Part 1: Emission (CISPR 14-1)

電子レンジ
・GB 4706.1 Household and similar electrical appliances-Safety Part 1:General requirements (IEC 60335-1)
・GB 4706.21 Household and similar electrical appliances – Safety – Particular requirements for microwave ovens, including combination microwave ovens (IEC 60335-2-25)
・GB 4706.14 Household and similar electrical appliances – Safety – Particular requirements for grills, toasters and similar portable cooking appliances (IEC 60335-2-9)
・GB 4706.22 Household and similar electrical appliances – Safety – Part 2-6: Particular requirements for stationary cooking ranges, hobs, ovens and similar appliances (IEC 60335-2-6)
・GB 19606 Noise limit value for household and similarelectrical appliances
・GB 24849 Minimum allowable values of energy efficiency and energy efficiency grades for household and similar microwave ovens

掃除機
・GB4706.1 Household and similar electrical appliances-Safety Part 1:General requirements (IEC 60335-1)
・GB 4706.7 Household and similar electrical appliances―Safety―Particular requirements for vacuum cleaners and water-suction cleaning appliances (IEC 60335-2-2)
・GB 4343.1 Electromagnetic compatibility requirements for household appliances,electric tools and similar apparatus—Part 1: Emission (CISPR 14-1)

スキン・ヘアケア製品
・GB4706.1 Household and similar electrical appliances-Safety Part 1:General requirements (IEC 60335-1)
・GB4706.15 Household and similar electrical appliances-safety – Particular requirements for appliances for skin or hair care (IEC 60335-2-23)
・GB 4343.1 Electromagnetic compatibility requirements for household appliances,electric tools and similar apparatus—Part 1: Emission (CISPR 14-1)

3.音響映像機器
カラーテレビ製品
・GB 8898 Audio, video and similar electronic apparatus – Safety requirements (IEC 60065)
・GB 24850 Minimum allowable values of energy efficiency and energy efficiency grades for flat panel televisions
・GB/T 13837 Sound and television broadcast receivers and associated equipment – Radio disturbance characteristics – Limits and methods of measurement (IEC/CISPR 13)
・GB 17625.1 Electromagnetic compatibility – Limits – Limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current ≤ 16 A per phase) (IEC 61000-3-2)
・SJ/T 11343 数字电视液晶显示器通用规范
・SJ/T 11348 平板电视显示性能测量方法
・SJ/T 11157.2 电视广播接收机测量方法 第2部分:音频通道的电性能和声性能测量方法

アクティブスピーカー
・GB 8898 Audio, video and similar electronic apparatus – Safety requirements (IEC 60065)
・GB/T 13837 Sound and television broadcast receivers and associated equipment – Radio disturbance characteristics – Limits and methods of measurement (IEC/CISPR 13)

4.IT機器、電気通信端末機
プリンタ製
・GB 4943.1 Information technology equipment – Safety – Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60950-1)
・GB/T 9254 Information technology equipment – Radio disturbance characteristics – Limits and methods of measurement (CISPR 22)
・GB 17625.1 Electromagnetic compatibility – Limits – Limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current ≤ 16 A per phase) (IEC 61000-3-2)
・GB 21521 Minimum allowable values of energy efficiency and energy efficiency grades for copy machines, printers and fax machines

電源アダプタ
・GB 4943.1 Information technology equipment – Safety – Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60950-1)
・GB 8898 Audio, video and similar electronic apparatus – Safety requirements (IEC 60065)
・GB/T 9254 Information technology equipment – Radio disturbance characteristics – Limits and methods of measurement (CISPR 22)
・GB/T 13837 Sound and television broadcast receivers and associated equipment – Radio disturbance characteristics – Limits and methods of measurement (IEC/CISPR 13)
・GB 20943 Minimum allowable values of energy efficiency and evaluating values of energy conservation for single voltage external AC-DC and AC-AC power supplies

ハンドヘルド情報処理装置製品
・GB/T 18220 Information technology – General specification of hand-held device for information processing
・GB 4943.1 Information technology equipment – Safety – Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60950-1)
・GB/T 9254 Information technology equipment – Radio disturbance characteristics – Limits and methods of measurement (CISPR 22)

ノートブックPC
・GB 28380 Minimum allowable values of energy efficiency and energy grades for microcomputers
・GB 4943.1 Information technology equipment – Safety – Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60950-1)
・GB/T 9254 Information technology equipment – Radio disturbance characteristics – Limits and methods of measurement (CISPR 22)
・GB 17625.1 Electromagnetic compatibility – Limits – Limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current ≤ 16 A per phase) (IEC 61000-3-2)

携帯電話
・GB 4943.1 Information technology equipment – Safety – Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60950-1)
・GB/T 22450.1 Limits and measurement methods of electromagnetic compatibility for 900/1800MHz TDMA digital cellular telecommunications system – Part 1: Mobile station and ancillary equipment
・GB/T 19484.1 Requirements and measurement methods of electromagnetic compatibility for 800MHz/2GHz cdma2000 digital cellular mobile telecommunications system – Part 1: User equipment and ancillary equipment
・YD/T 1592.1 2GHz TD-SCDMA数字蜂窝移动通信系统电磁兼容性要求和测量方法 第1部分:用户设备及其辅助设备

5.照明器具
LED照明製品
・GB 7000.1 Luminaires—Part 1:General requirements and tests (IEC 60598-1)
・GB 7000.202 Luminaires – Part 2-2: Particular requirements – Recessed luminaires (IEC 60598-2-2)
・GB 24906 Self-ballasted LED-Lamps for general lighting services >50V safety specifications
・GB 17625.1 Electromagnetic compatibility – Limits – Limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current ≤ 16 A per phase) (IEC 61000-3-2)
・GB/T 17743 Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics of electrical lighting and similar equipment (CISPR 15)

固定汎用照明器具
・GB 7000.1 Luminaires—Part 1:General requirements and tests (IEC 60598-1)
・GB 7000.201 Luminaires – Part 2-1: Particular requirements – Fixed general purpose luminaires (IEC 60598-2-1)
・GB/T 17743 Limits and methods of measurement of radio disturbance characteristics of electrical lighting and similar equipment (CISPR 15)
・GB 17625.1 Electromagnetic compatibility – Limits – Limits for harmonic current emissions (equipment input current ≤ 16 A per phase) (IEC 61000-3-2)

6.バッテリー
一次電池
・GB/T 8897.1 Primary batteries – Part 1: General (IEC 60086-1)
・GB/T 8897.2 Primary batteries – Part 2: Physical and electrical specifications (IEC 60086-2)
・GB 8897.5 Primary batteries – Part 5: Safety of batteries with aqueous electrolyte (IEC 60086-5)

リチウムイオン電池
・GB 31241 Lithium ion cells and batteries used in portable electronic equipments―Safety requirements

7.電動工具
アングルグラインダーおよび電動ハンマー製品
・GB 3883.1 Safety of hand-held motor-operated electric tools – Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60745-1 ed 4.0)
・GB/T 3883.3 Safety of hand-held motor-operated electric tools – Part 2: Particular requirements for grinders, polishers and disk-type sanders (IEC 60745-2-3)
・GB/T 3883.7 Safety of hand-held motor-operated electric tools – Part 2: Particular requirements for hammers (IEC 60745-2-6)
・GB 4343.1 Electromagnetic compatibility requirements for household appliances,electric tools and similar apparatus—Part 1: Emission (CISPR 14)

8.ポンプ、モーター類
ポンプ
・GB 10395.8 Tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry – Technical means for ensuring safety – Part 8: Irrigation pumps and machines
・GB 10396 Tractors, machinery for agriculture and forestry, powered lawn and garden equipment – Safety signs and hazard pictorials – General principles (ISO 11684)
・GB/T 25409 Small-size submersible motor-pumps
・GB/T 24674 Waste submersible motor-pumps
・GB/T 2816 Submersible pumps for deep well
・GB/T 2818 Submersible motor for deep well
・JB/T 8645 潜水螺杆泵
・JB/T 10483 管道屏蔽电泵
・GB/T 16907 Technical specifications for centrifugal pumps(Class I)
・GB/T 5656 Technical specification for centrifugal pumps – ClassⅡ (ISO 5199)
・JB/T 8688 塑料离心泵
・GB/T 3215 centrifugal pumps for petroleum petrochemical and natural gas industries (ANSI/API 610-2004)
・JB/T 8059 高压锅炉给水泵 技术条件
・JB/T 7742 磁力传动离心泵

同期三相モーター
・GB 18613 Minimum allowable values of energy efficiency and energy efficiency grades for small and medium three-phase asynchronous motors
・GB 30254 Minimum allowable values of energy efficiency and the energy efficiency grades for cage three-phase high voltage induction motor
・GB/T 755 Rotating electrical machines – Rating and performance (IEC 60034-1)
・GB/T 1971 Rotating electrical machines―Terminal markings and direction of rotation (IEC 60034-8)
・GB/T 10068 Mechanical vibration of certain machines with shaft heights 56 mm and higher-measurement,evaluation and limits of vibration severity (IEC 60034-14)
・GB/T 10069.3 Measurement of airborne noise emitted by rotating electrical machines and the noise limits – Part 3:Noise limits (IEC 60034-9)
・GB/T 14711 General requirements for safety of small and medium size rotating electrical machines

情報源: http://www.cqn.com.cn/ms/node_172.htm

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